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The Jewish Liturgical Calendar
Jewish Year, Beginning Rosh HaShanah 5777 [Civil Year 2016–2017]

The Jewish cycle of readings from the Torah and the Prophets
is central to the liturgical and religious life of Jews.
A brief explanation of the readings is outlined below. LINK
See Readings tables for Jewish Years: 5776 5777 5778

Date Event Torah Maftir Haftarah
1 Tishrei
3rd October 2016
Rosh HaShanah I, 5777
ראש השנה
Gen. 21:1-34
maf. Num. 29:1-6
1 Sam. 1:1–2:10
2 Tishrei
4th October 2016
Rosh HaShanah II
ראש השנה
Gen. 22:1-24
maf. Num. 29:1-6
Jer. 31:1-19
3 Tishrei
5th October 2016
Tzom Gedaliah
[Fast of Gedaliah]
יום גדליה
Fast Day
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10 [am & pm]
Isa. 55:6–56:8 [pm]
[No Haftarah for Sephardim]
 
6 Tishrei
8th October 2016
Parashat VaYelekh
Shabbat Shuva
פרשת וילך, שבת שובה
Deut. 31:1-30
Hos. 14:2-10; Mic. 7:18-20; Joel 2:15-27
[Hos. 14:2-10; Mic. 7:18-20]
9 Tishrei
11th October 2016
erev Yom Kippur
ערב יום הכיפור
10 Tishrei
12th October 2016
Yom Kippur
[Day of Atonement]
יום הכיפור, יום הכיפורים‎
Lev. 16:1-34 [am]  
Lev. 18:1-30 [pm]
maf. Num. 29:7-11
Isa. 57:14–58:14 [am]
Book of Jonah
Micah 7:18-20 [pm]
13 Tishrei
15th October 2016
Parashat Ha'azinu
פרשת האזינו
Deut. 32:1-522 Sam. 22:1-51
14 Tishrei
16th October 2016
Erev Sukkot
ערב סוכות
15 Tishrei
17th October 2016
Sukkot I
סוכות א׳
Lev. 22:26–23:44
maf. Num. 29:12-16
Zech. 14:1-21
16 Tishrei
18th October 2016
Sukkot II
סוכות ב׳
Sukkot is celebrated over seven days [Eight in the Diaspora.] The first two days of Sukkot are a major holidays [Yom Tov] in the Diaspora and are followed by the Festival "weekdays" called Chol HaMoed. In Israel the Chol HaMoed begin on Sukkot Day II.
Lev. 22:26–23:44
maf. Num. 29:12-16
1 Kgs. 8:2-21
17 Tishrei
19th October 2016
Sukkot III
[Chol HaMoed I]
סוכות ג׳, חל המועד א׳
Num. 29:17-25
18 Tishrei
20th October 2016
Sukkot IV
[Chol HaMoed II]
סוכות ד׳, חל המועד ב׳
Num. 29:20-28
19 Tishrei
21st October 2016
Sukkot V
[Chol HaMoed III]
סוכות ה׳, חל המועד ג׳
Num. 29:23-31
20 Tishrei
22nd October 2016
Sukkot Shabbat
[Chol HaMoed IV]
סוכות שבת חל המועד
Ex. 33:12–34:26
maf. Num. 29:26-31
Ezek. 38:18–39:16
21 Tishrei
23rd October 2016
Sukkot VII
[Hoshanah Rabbah]
סוכות ז׳ הושנא רבה
Num. 29:26-34
22 Tishrei
24th October 2016
Shemini Atzeret
שמיני עצרת
Deut. 14:22–16:17
maf. Num. 29:35–30:1
1 Kgs. 8:54-66
22 Tishrei
24th October 2016
erev Simhat Torah
ערב שמחת תורה
In most Jewish communities the Torah is read at night on Simhat Torah. [This is the only time when the Torah is read at night.] There are various customs regarding which Torah sections are read, although many select Vezot Haberachah, the last weekly portion on the Torah, omitting the last verses.
Deut. 33:1-17
[or 33:1-26]
Customs may vary.
23 Tishrei
25th October 2016
Simhat Torah
[Rejoicing in the Torah]
שמחת תורה
Simchat Torah is a celebration marking the conclusion of the annual cycle of public Torah readings and the beginning of a new cycle. In Israel, Simhat Torah and Shemini Atzeret are celebrated on the same day.
Deut. 33:1–34:12
Gen. 1:1–2:3
maf. Num. 29:35–30:1
Josh. 1:1-18
[Josh. 1:1-9]
27 Tishrei
29th October 2016
Parashat Bereshit
פרשת בראשית
Gen. 1:1–6:8
Isa. 42:5–43:10
[Isa. 42:5-21]
30 Tishrei
1st November 2016
Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan
ראש חודש חשון
Num. 28:1-15
01 Cheshvan
2nd November 2016
Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan
ראש חודש חשון
[When a Hebrew month has 30 days Rosh Chodesh is traditionally celebrated over two days — the 30th of the old month and 1st of the new month.]
Num. 28:1-15
4 Cheshvan
5th November 2016
Parashat Noach
פרשת נח
Gen. 6:9–11:32
Isa. 54:1–55:5
[Isa. 54:1-10]
11 Cheshvan
12th November 2016
Parashat Lekh Lekha
פרשת לך-לך
Gen. 12:1–17:27Isa. 40:27–41:16
18 Cheshvan
19th November 2016
Parashat Vayera
פרשת וירא
Gen. 18:1–22:24
2 Kgs. 4:1-37
[2 Kgs. 4:1-23]
25 Cheshvan
26th November 2016
Parashat Chayei Sarah
פרשת חיי שרה
Gen. 23:1–25:18
1 Kgs. 1:1-31
1 Kislev
1st December 2016
Rosh Chodesh Kislev
ראש חודש כסלו
Num. 28:1-15
3 Kislev
3rd December 2016
Parashat Toledot
פרשת תולדות
Gen. 25:19–28:9Mal. 1:1–2:7
10 Kislev
10th December 2016
Parashat Vayetze
פרשת ויצא
Gen. 28:10–32:3
Hos. 12:13–14:10
Opt. subst. Mic. 7:18
[Hos. 11:7–12:12]
17 Kislev
17th December 2016
Parashat Vayishlach
פרשת וישלח
Gen. 32:4–36:43
Obad. 1:1-21
Opt. Hos. 11:7–12:12
[Obad. 1:1-21]
24 Kislev
24th December 2016
Parashat Vayeshev
פרשת וישב
Gen. 37:1–40:23Amos 2:6–3:8
24 Kislev
24th December 2016
Erev Chanukah
חנוכה ערב
25 Kislev
25th December 2016
Chanukah I
חנוכה א׳
Num. 7:1-17
26 Kislev
26th December 2016
Chanukah II
חנוכה ב׳
Num. 7:18-29
27 Kislev
27th December 2016
Chanukah III
חנוכה ג׳
Num. 7:24-35
28 Kislev
28th December 2016
Chanukah IV
חנוכה ד׳
Num. 7:30-41
29 Kislev
29th December 2016
Chanukah V
חנוכה ה׳
Num. 7:36-47
1 Tevet
30th December 2016
Chanukah VI
Rosh Chodesh Tevet
חנוכה ו׳, ראש חודש טבת
Num. 28:1-15
maf. Num. 7:42-47
2 Tevet
31st December 2016
Parashat Miketz
Shabbat Chanukah VII
פרשת מקץ חנוכה
Gen. 41:1–44:17
maf. Num. 7:48-59
Zech. 2:14–4:7
3 Tevet
1st January 2017
Chanukah VIII
חנוכה ט׳
Num. 7:54–8:4
9 Tevet
7th January 2017
Parashat Vayigash
פרשת ויגש
Gen. 44:18–47:27Ezek. 37:15-28
10 Tevet
8th January 2017
Asara B’Tevet
[The Tenth of Tevet]
עשרה בטבת‎
[Minor Fast Day]
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10
Isa. 55:6–56:8 [pm]
[No haftarah for Sephardim]
16 Tevet
14th January 2017
Parashat Vayechi
פרשת ויחי
Gen. 47:28–50:261 Kgs. 2:1-12
23 Tevet
21st January 2017
Parashat Shemot
פרשת שמות
Ex. 1:1–6:1
Isa. 27:6–28:13; 29:22-23
[Jer. 1:1–2:3]
1 Shevat
28th January 2017
Parashat Vaera
Rosh Chodesh Shevat
פרשת וארא, ראש חודש שבט
Ex. 6:2–9:35
maf. Num. 28:9-15
Isa. 66:1-24
8 Shevat
4th February 2017
Parashat Bo
פרשת בא
Ex. 10:1–13:16Jer. 46:13-28
15 Shevat
11th February 2017
Tu B’Shvat
[The Fifteenth of Sh'vat]
New Year for Trees
ט״ו בשבט‎; ראש השנה לאילנות
[Minor Jewish Holiday]
15 Shevat
11th February 2017
Parashat Beshalach
פרשת בשלח
Ex. 13:17–17:16
Judg. 4:4–5:31
[Judg. 5:1-31]
22 Shevat
18th February 2017
Parashat Yitro
פרשת יתרו
Ex. 18:1–20:23
Isa. 6:1–7:6; 9:5-6
[Isa. 6:1-13]
29 Shevat
25th February 2017
Parashat Mishpatim
Shabbat Shekalim
פרשת משפטים, שבת שקלים
Ex. 21:1–24:18
maf. Ex. 30:11-16
2 Kgs. 12:1-17
[2 Kgs. 11:17–12:17]
30 Shevat
26th February 2017
Rosh Chodesh Adar
ראש חודש אדר
Num. 28:1-15
1 Adar
27th February 2017
Rosh Chodesh Adar
ראש חודש אדר
[When a Hebrew month has 30 days Rosh Chodesh is traditionally celebrated over two days — the 30th of the old month and 1st of the new month.]
Num. 28:1-15
6 Adar
4th March 2017
Parashat Terumah
פרשת תרומה
Ex. 25:1–27:191 Kgs. 5:26–6:13
11 Adar
9th March 2017
Ta’anit Esther
[Fast of Esther]
erev Purim
תענית אסתר
[Minor Fast Day]
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10 [am & pm]
Isa. 55:6–56:8 [pm]
[No Haftarah for Sephardim]
13 Adar
11th March 2017
Parashat Tetzaveh
Shabbat Zachor
erev Purim
פרשת תצוה, שבת זכור
Ex. 27:20–30:10   
maf. Deut. 25:17-19
1 Sam. 15:2-34   
[1 Sam. 15:1-34]
14 Adar
12th March 2017
Purim
פורים
Ex. 17:8-16
15 Adar
13th March 2017
Shushan Purim
שושן פורים
Shushan Purim is celebrated in Jerusalem and walled cities.  
20 Adar
18th March 2017
Parashat Ki Tisa
Shabbat Parah
פרשת כי תשא, שבת פרה
Ex. 30:11–34:35   
maf. Num. 19:1-22
Ezek. 36:16-38
[Ezek: 36:16-36]
27 Adar
25th March 2017
Parashat Vayakhel–Pekudei Shabbat HaChodesh
Shabbat HaChodesh
פרשת ויקהל-פקודי, שבת החודש
Ex. 35:1–40:38
maf. Ex. 12:1-20
Ezek. 45:16–46:18
[Ezek. 45:16–46:15]
1 Nisan
28th March 2017
Rosh Chodesh Nisan
ראש חודש ניסן
Num. 28:1-15
5 Nisan
1st April 2017
Parashat Vayikra
פרשת ויקרא
Lev. 1:1–5:26Isa. 43:21–44:23
12 Nisan
8th April 2017
Parashat Tzav
Shabbat HaGadol
פרשת צו, שבת הגדול
Lev. 6:1–8:36Mal. 3:4–24
14 Nisan
10th April 2017
Ta’anit Bechorot
[Fast of the Firstborn]
erev Pesach
תענית בכורות‎ ,תענית בכורים
Fast Day [for the Firstborn]
Ex. 32:11–34:10
15 Nisan
11th April 2017
Pesach I
פסח א׳
Ex. 12:21-51
maf. Num. 28:16-25
Josh. 3:5-7; 5:2–6:1, 27
[Josh. 5:2–6:1, 27]
16 Nisan
12th April 2017
Pesach II
פסח ב׳
Lev. 22:2623, 44
maf. Num. 28:16-25
2 Kgs. 23:1-9, 21-25
17 Nisan
13th April 2017
Pesach III
[Chol HaMoed I]
פסח ג׳, חל המועד א׳
Ex. 13:1-16
maf. Num. 28:19-25
18 Nisan
14th April 2017
Pesach IV
[Chol HaMoed II]
פסח ד׳, חל המועד ב׳
Ex. 22:24–23:19
maf. Num. 28:19-25
19 Nisan
15th April 2017
Pesach Shabbat
[Chol HaMoed III]
פסח שבת, חל המועד
Ex. 33:12–34:26
maf. Num. 28:19-25
Ezek. 37:1-14
[Ezek. 36:37–37:14]
20 Nisan
16th April 2017
Pesach VI
[Chol HaMoed IV]
פסח ו׳, חל המועד ד׳
Num. 9:1-14
maf. Num. 28:19-25
21 Nisan
17th April 2017
Pesach VII
פסח ז׳
Ex. 13:17–15:26
maf. Num. 28:19-25
2 Sam. 22:1-51
22 Nisan
18th April 2017
Pesach VIII
פסח ח׳
Deut. 15:19–16:17
maf. Num. 28:19-25
Isa. 10:32–12:6
26 Nisan
22nd April 2017
Parashat Shemini
פרשת שמיני
Lev. 9:1–11:47
2 Sam. 6:1–7:17
[2 Sam. 6:1-19]
28 Nisan
24th April 2017
Yom HaShoah
[Holocaust and Heroism Remembrance Day]
יום השואה, יום הזיכרון לשואה ולגבורה
[Yom HaShoah is normally observed on 27th Nisan unless that day falls adjacent to Shabbat, in which case the observance is shifted by one day.]
30 Nisan
26th April 2017
Rosh Chodesh Iyar
ראש חודש אייר
Num. 28:1-15
1 Iyar
27th April 2017
Rosh Chodesh Iyar
ראש חודש אייר
[When a Hebrew month has 30 days Rosh Chodesh is traditionally celebrated over two days — the 30th of the old month and 1st of the new month.]
Num. 28:1-15
3 Iyar
29th April 2017
Parashat Tazria-Metzorah
פרשת תזריע-מצרע
Lev. 12:1–15:332 Kgs. 7:3-20
5 Iyar
1st May 2017
Yom HaZikaron
[Israeli Remembrance Day]
יום הזיכרון, יום הזיכרון לחללי מערכות ישראל ולנפגעי פעולות האיבה‎
[Israeli Fallen Soldiers and Victims of Terrorism Remembrance Day]
6 Iyar
2nd May 2017
Yom Ha’Atzmaut
[Israel Independence Day]
יום העצמאות‎
Deut. 7:12–8:18
Isa. 10:32–12:6
10 Iyar
6th May 2017
Parashat Aharei Mot-Kedoshim
פרשת אחרי מות-קדשים
Lev. 16:1–20:27
Amos 9:7-15
[Ezek. 20:2-20]
14 Iyar
10th May 2017
Pesach Sheini
פסח שני
Pesach Sheini is a special celebration of Passover which is celebrated exactly one month after Passover. Its historical purpose was to allow those who for special reason where not able to bring the Passover sacrifice on the correct date to have a second opportunity to do so. The celebration is mentioned in the Torah (Num. 9:1-14).
17 Iyar
13th May 2017
Parashat Emor
פרשת אמור
Lev. 21:1–24:23Ezek. 44:15-31
18 Iyar
14th May 2017
Lag Ba’Omer
[33rd Day in the Omer]
ל״ג בעומר
Lag B'Omer or Lag L'Omer is a holiday marking the 33rd day of the Counting of the Omer and falls on the 18th day of Iyar.
27 Iyar
20th May 2017
Parashat Behar-Behukotai
פרשת בהר-בחקתי
Lev. 25:1–27:34
Jer. 16:19–17:14
28 Iyar
24th May 2017
Yom Yerushalayim
[Jerusalem Day]
יום ירושלים‎
1 Sivan
26th May 2017
Rosh Chodesh Sivan
ראש חודש סיון
Num. 28:1-15
2 Sivan
27th May 2017
Parashat Bamidbar
פרשת במדבר
Num. 1:1–4:20Hos. 2:1-22
4 Sivan
30th May 2017
erev Shavuot
ערב שבועות
6 Sivan
31st May 2017
Shavuot I
שבועות
Ex. 19:1–20:23
maf. Num. 28:26-31
Ezek. 1:1-28; 3:12
7 Sivan
1st June 2017
Shavuot II
שבועות
Deut. 15:19–16:17
maf. Num. 28:26-31
Hab. 3:1-19
[Hab. 2:20–3:19]
9 Sivan
3rd June 2017
Parashat Naso
פרשת נשא
Num. 4:21–7:89Judg. 13:2-25
16 Sivan
10th June 2017
Parashat Beha'alotkha
פרשת בהעלתך
Num. 8:1–12:16
Zech. 2:14–4:7
23 Sivan
17th June 2017
Parashat Shelach Lekha
פרשת שלח־לך
Num. 13:1–15:41Josh. 2:1-24
30 Sivan
24th June 2017
Parashat Korach
Rosh Chodesh Tammuz
פרשת קורח, ראש חודש
Num. 16:1–18:32
maf. Num. 28:9-15
Isa. 66:1-24
1 Tammuz
25th June 2017
Rosh Chodesh Tammuz
ראש חודש תמוז
[When a Hebrew month has 30 days Rosh Chodesh is traditionally celebrated over two days — the 30th of the old month and 1st of the new month.]
Num. 28:1-28
7 Tammuz
1st July 2017
Parashat Chukat
פרשת חקת
Num. 19:1–22:1Judg. 11:1-33
14 Tammuz
8th July 2017
Parashat Balak
פרשת בלק
Num. 22:2–25:9Micah 5:6–6:8
17 Tammuz
11th July 2017
Tzom Tammuz
[17th Tammuz - Shiv'ah Asar b'Tammuz]
צום תמוז, שבעה עשר בתמוז‎
[Minor Fast Day]
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10 [am & pm]
Isa. 55:6–56:8 [pm]
[No Haftarah for Sephardim]
21 Tammuz
15th July 2017
Parashat Pinchas
1st Haftarah Admonition
פרשת פינחס
Num. 25:10–30:1
1st Haftarah of Admonition
Jer. 1:1–2:3
28 Tammuz
22nd July 2017
Parashat Matot–Masei
2nd Haftarah Admonition
פרשת מטות-מסעי
Num. 30:2–36:13
2nd Haftarah of Admonition
Jer. 2:4-28; 3:4
[Jer. 2:4-28; 4:1-2]
1 Av
24th July 2017
Rosh Chodesh Av
ראש חודש אב
Num. 28:1-15
6 Av
29th July 2017
Parashat Devarim
[Sabbath of Vision]
Shabbat Chazon
3rd Haftarah Admonition
פרשת דברים, שבת חזון
Deut. 1:1–3:22
3rd Haftarah of Admonition
Isa. 1:1-27
8 Av
31st July 2017
erev Tisha B'Av
תשעה באב
The Book of Lamentations
[The Book of Job may be read also.]
9 Av
1st August 2017
Tisha B'Av
[The Ninth of Av]
ט׳ באב, תשעה באב‎
[Fast Day]
Deut. 4:25-40 [am]
Ex. 32:11-14; 34:1-10 [pm]
Jer. 8:13–9:23 [am]
Isa. 55:6-56:8 [pm]
[Hos. 14:2-10; Micah 7:18-20]
13 Av
5th August 2017
Parashat Va’etchanan
Shabbat Nachamu
1st Haftarah Consolation
פרשת ואתחנן, שבת נחמו
Deut. 3:23–7:11
1st Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 40:1-26
15 Av
7th August 2017
Tu B’Av
[The Fifteenth of Av]
ט"ו באב
[Minor Jewish Holiday]
20 Av
12th August 2017
Parashat Ekev
2nd Haftarah Consolation
פרשת עקב
Deut. 7:12–11:25
2nd Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 49:14–51:3
27 Av
19th August 2017
Parashat Re'eh Shabbat Rosh Chodesh
3rd Haftarah Consolation
פרשת ראה
Deut. 11:26–16:17
3rd Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 54:11–55:5
30 Av
22nd August 2017
Rosh Chodesh Elul
ראש חודש אלול
In the Sephardic tradition, recital of Selichot in preparation for the High Holidays begins on the second day of the Hebrew month of Elul.
Num. 28:1-15
1 Elul
23rd August 2017
Rosh Chodesh Elul
ראש חודש אלול
[When a Hebrew month has 30 days Rosh Chodesh is traditionally celebrated over two days — the 30th of the old month and 1st of the new month.]
In the Sephardic tradition, recital of Selichot in preparation for the High Holidays begins on the second day of the Hebrew month of Elul.
Num. 28:1-15
4 Elul
26th August 2017
Parashat Shofetim
4th Haftarah Consolation
פרשת שופטים
Deut. 16:18–21:9
4th Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 51:12–52:12
11 Elul
2nd September 2017
Parashat Ki Tetze
5th Haftarah Consolation
פרשת כי-תצא
Deut. 21:10–25:19
5th Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 54:1-10
18 Elul
9th September 2017
Parashat Ki Tavo
6th Haftarah Consolation
Shabbat Selichot [Ashkenazim]
פרשת כי-תבוא
Deut. 26:1–29:8
6th Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 60:1-22
25 Elul
16th September 2017
Parashat Nitzavim-VaYelekh
7th Haftarah Consolation
פרשת נצבים-וילך
Selichot prayers begin on the Saturday night before Rosh HaShanah for Ashkenazim. If, however, the first day of Rosh HaShanah falls on Monday or Tuesday, Selichot are said beginning the Saturday night prior.
Deut. 29:9–31:30
7th Haftarah of Consolation
Isa. 61:10–63:9
29 Elul
20th September 2017
Erev Rosh HaShanah
ערב ראש השנה
 

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A brief explanation of the Jewish cycle of readings

The Parashat Hashavuah—The Portion of the Week
The Jewish yearly cycle of Torah readings is divided into weekly portions. Each portion—in Hebrew, a parashah—is part of a sequential reading of the Torah [aka. The Five Books of Moses, The Chumash, or the Pentateuch] so that the whole of the Torah is read within a yearly cycle. [Some Jewish communities follow a Triennial Torah reading cycle.1]

In the table above the Parashat Hashavuah is listed with its accompanying Haftarah reading. The name of the parashah [portion] is taken from the first words of the parashah. There are 54 weekly portions—one for each year of the Jewish leap year. In non-leap years [50 weeks] portions are paired and read together.

The table above, beginning with Rosh Hashanah—the first day of the Jewish year—follows the Ashkenazic tradition for Torah and Haftarah readings and completes the entire reading cycle within one year. Communities who read the Parashat Hashavuah over three years will read a section from each parashah each week.

The Haftarah
The haftarah is a reading from the Prophets and adds a reflection to the parashah. While each parashah normally has its own accompanying haftarah reading, the haftarah reading also varies, during the year, according to special festivals or events. The word haftarah comes from the Hebrew root pey.tet.resh, meaning “concluding”, “parting” or “ending.”

The practice of adding a haftarah reading to the Torah portion is ancient and has obscure origins. The Talmud mentions the haftarah being read in the presence of Rabbi Eliezer ben Hyrcanus (c. 70 CE) and evidence from the New Testament indicates that the haftarah readings were a common practice. Acts 13:15 states, "After the reading from the Law and the Prophets the leaders of the synagogue sent word to them saying..."

Haftarah readings given in brackets in the above table indicate readings used in the Shephardic tradition where these differ from the Ashkenazic reading.

The Maftir
The word maftir, which belongs to the same Hebrew root as haftarah [pey.tet.resh] means “concluder” and refers to the last person called [i.e., the last Aliyah (aliyah, “to go up”)] to the Torah of the succession of readers at a Sabbath morning or holiday service. This person normally reads the haftarah. The maftir reading normally repeats the last words of the parashat hashavuah. This is according to an ancient custom which sort to honor the greater importance of the Torah over the Prophetic reading (Talmud, Megillah 23a). On special Sabbaths and holidays a special reading is added [provided in the table above] which is related to the celebration or event.

A Point of interest: The division of parashot [sometimes spelled and pronounced, Parshiot or Parshiyot: the plural of parashah] found in the modern-day Torah scrolls of all Jewish communities (Ashkenazic, Sephardic, and Yemenite) is based upon the systematic list provided by Maimonides in Mishneh Torah, Laws of Tefillin, Mezuzah and Torah Scrolls, Ch. 8. Maimonides based his division of the portions of the Torah on the Aleppo Codex.

1. The Triennial Torah Reading Cycle. In some traditions the cycle of Torah readings is completed over three years—this pattern is modelled on an ancient Rabbinic tradition in Israel [which may in fact be even older] in which each portion was divided into three parts, each part being read in sequence over the course of three years thus completing the reading of the five books of the Torah over three years. This practice has been revived in some Jewish congregations today.

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