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The Letters of the Hebrew Alphabet

The Hebrew Letter MEM mem

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Click a letter to find out more Aleph Bet Gimmel Dalet Hey Vav Zayin Het Tet Yod Kaf Lamed Mem Nun Samekh Pey Ayin Tsade Kof Resh Tav

MEM is the thirteenth letter of the Hebrew alphabet.

Mem takes a final (sofit) form when the letter occurs at the end of a word.

Mem
The letter Mem

Mem sofit
The letter Mem


Pronunciation. The letter
Mem is pronounced as "m" in mime.

Transliteration. The letter
Mem is transliterated "m".

Examples.
Moshe - Moses (Moses) is transliterated moshe. Syllabification. mo-she.
Sometimes when a shin dot and a olam occur close together the two are combined as one. E.g., Moshe - Moses.
Mitsrayim - Egypt (Egypt) is an example of mem in both the regular and the sofit forms.

The letter mem can also be attached to a noun as an inseparable preposition and means ("from", "out of"). The word min - from, out of, "from" and "out of" is often attached to a word using a makkef e.g., Min with makkef. [Sometimes the makkef is omitted]. However, very often when attached to a word the final nun is absorbed into the word as a dagesh in the following letter.
Thus as mi (mi), mem is attached to the word that follows, the first letter of which takes a dagesh point; when mi is followed by a gutteral or resh, which cannot take a dagesh, the vowel under the mem lengthens to me and is also attached to the word that follows.
Example.
mibayit - from a house (out of a house), transliterated mibayit. Syllabification. mi-ba-yit.
me'efo - from where (from where), transliterated meʾefo. Syllabification. me-ʾe-fo.
Min hu - from here (from here), transliterated min hu. Syllabification. min-hu.

Gematria. Mem is equal to 40.

SPIRITUALITY in the letter MEM Mem

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