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The Letters of the Hebrew Alphabet

The Hebrew Letter KAF Aleph

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Click a letter to find out more Aleph Bet Gimmel Dalet Hey Vav Zayin Het Tet Yod Kaf Lamed Mem Nun Samekh Pey Ayin Tsade Kof Resh Tav

KAF is the eleventh letter of the Hebrew alphabet

Kaf has two pronunciations. Kaf, with a dagesh kal (small dot in the center) of the letter, and Khaf without a dagesh. Kaf also takes a final form when the letter occurs at the end of a word—the final form has the softer pronunciation of khaf.

Kaf
The letter Kaf

Khaf
The letter Khaf

Kaf sofit
The letter Kaf sofit


Pronunciation.
Kaf is pronounced as "k" in kitten.
Khaf is pronounced as "ch" in bach. It has a breathy "hk" sound.
Kaf sofit is pronounced as "ch" in bach.

Transliteration.
Kaf is transliterated "k".
Khaf is usually as transliterated "kh" [although there is some variation in practices].
Khaf sofit is usually transliterated as "kh".

Examples
Ken - Yes (yes) is transliterated ken. Syllabification. ken.
Anoki - I (I) is transliterated anoki or anokhi. Syllabification. a-no-ki.
Ma shlomekh - How are you (f) (How are you fem.) is transliterated ma shlomekh . Syllabification. ma shlo-mekh .
Ma shlomkha - How are you (m) (How are you mas.) is transliterated ma shlomkha . Syllabification. ma shlom-kha.

The letter kaf may be either a prefix and a suffix.
As a prefix
Ki as a suffix means "like" or "as". Ki is an inseparable preposition—it is always attached to a word—and usually takes a sh'va. In some grammatical situations it can take other vowels. [The rules for attaching inseparable prepositions to a noun are available HERE.]

Example. Kimelekh - like a king (like a king), transliterated, kemelekh, Syllabication. keme-lekh.

As a suffix
The suffix form is always the kaf sofit and adds a 1st person possessive ending to a noun giving the meaning "you" or "your" to a word. Kaf as a suffix is usually accompanied by a kamats or a sh'va which indicate masculine or feminine gender.

Example.
ahavtekha - your love (mas.) (your love, mas. s.) is transliterated, ahavtekha. Syllabication. ʾa-hav-te-kha.
shemekh (your name, fem. s.) is transliterated, sh'mekh. Syllabication. sh'mekh.

Gematria. Kaf is equal to 20.

SPIRITUALITY in the letter KAF Kaf

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