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Jewish Commentators — Their Lives and Works

 

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Naftali Tzvi Yehuda Berlin
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Hebrew Name(s): נפתלי צבי יחודה ברלין; נצי׳׳ב
Other Names: The Netziv, Naphtali Zvi Yehuda Berlin, Naphtali Zvi Yehudah Berlin
Period: Acharonim — 19th Century
Location: Russia
Dates: 1817–1893

Biography:
Called The Netziv, Naftali Tzvi Yehuda Berlin was Rosh Yeshivah of Volozhin Yeshivah (now Belarus), a yeshivah that produced a large number of important Eastern European Jewry's rabbis until World war II. Born in Mir, Russia, Naftali Tzvi Yehuda Berlin was the son of a Talmudic scholar, Jacob, and descended through his mother from Meir Eisenstadt.
 
The Netziv was the author of several rabbinic works in Lithuania  and died in Warsaw, Poland.  
Naftali Tzvi Yehuda Berlin was the father of R. Chaim Berlin and R. Meir Bar-Ilan and the father-in-law of Yosef Dov Soloveitchik, grandfather of Chaim Soloveitchik and great-great-grandfather of Joseph ber Soloveitchik.
 
He influenced R. Avraham Yitzchak HaKohen Kook, R. Isser Zalman Meltzet, Rabbi A. Shapiro, R. Moshe M. Epstein and R. Zelig R Benges.

Works:
Ha’amek Davar (The Depth of the Word); Meishiv Davar (Response in Kind); Ha'emek She'eilah (The Depth of the Question or Deep Questions); Meromei Sadeh (Heights [of the] Field); Emek ha-Netziv; Davar Ha'Emek; Imrei Shefer

Comments:
Ha’amek Davar is a commentary on the Torah (1879-80).
Meishiv Davar is a collection of responsa.
Ha'emek She'eilah is a commentary on the She'iltot of Rabbi Achai Gaon.
Meromei Sadeh is a commentary on selected volumes of the Talmud.
Emek ha-Netziv is a commentary to the Sifre.
Davar Ha'Emek is a commentary on the Prophets (Nevi'im) and Writings (Ketuvim.)
Imrei Shefer is a commenatry on the Haggadah

 

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