Etz Hayim—"Tree of Life" exists to promote Christian-Jewish relations and dialogue, and a joint biblical, spiritual and liturgical self-consciousness and cooperation.
As Christians, we cannot consider Judaism as a foreign religion; nor do we include the Jews among those called to turn from idols and to serve the true God (cf. 1 Thes 1:9). With them, we believe in the one God who acts in history, and with them we accept his revealed word...
—Pope Francis, Apostolic Exhortation, Evangelii Gaudium
24 Nov. 2013. Read the Document HERE
Jewish and Christian
The readings list provided by Etz Hayim—"Tree of Life" follows the Torah Portion of the Week (Parashat Hashavuah) read by Jews every Sabbath, and the readings for Masses and Sunday liturgies used throughout the Christian world.
APPROACHING WEEKS’ LITURGICAL CYCLES...
15 July / Tammuz 17 / Tzom Tammuz
19 July / Tammuz 21 / Parashat Matot
26 July / Tammuz 21 / Parashat Masei
[Read a commentary on this week’s parashah (Torah potion)
from Bat Kol Institute or Light of Torah.]
20 July / 16th Sunday in Ordinary Time
27 July / 17th Sunday in Ordinary Time
[Read a commentary on the gospel from Bat Kol Institute.]
20 July / 6th Sunday after Pentecost
27 July / 7th Sunday after Pentecost
[LINK HERE to Liturgical Readings citations
for the dates above]
[See Etz Hayim's glossaries for more information on
Jewish or Christian Feasts, Festivals and Events.]
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| Shiva Asar B'Tammuz
15 JULY | 17 TAMMUZ
Tzom Tammuz falls on 17th day of the Jewish month of Tammuz (Shiva Asar B'Tammuz). This year, because the 17th Tammuz falls on Shabbat, the commemoration of Tzom Tammuz is moved to the following day (Sunday 8th July) in order to maintain the sanctity of Shabbat.
Tzom Tammuz begins at dawn and ends at sundown. The day is known in the Tanach as the “fast of the fourth month” and associated with a coming time of joy and happiness for Judah.
The word of the Lord of hosts came to me, saying: Thus says the Lord of hosts. The fast of the fourth month, and the fast of the fifth, and the fast of the seventh, and the fast of the tenth, shall be seasons of joy and gladness, and cheerful festivals for the house of Judah: therefore love truth and peace. (NRSV, Zech. 8:18-19)
Tzom Tammuz (“tzom” means “fast”) is associated with many calamitous dates in Jewish history. On this day Jews fast, refrain from joyous celebrations, observe special prayers and Torah readings. It is on this day also that the “Three Weeks,” a period of mourning for the destruction of the First and Second Temples begins. The “Three Weeks” come to an end with the fast of Tisha B'Av (The 9th of Av).
The Talmud (Ta'anit 26b; 28b) and associated Gemara discuss the “five” tragedies which were reputed to have occurred on 17th Tammuz.
- The breaking of the two tablets of the Law by Moses.
- The daily offering (Korban Tamid) was discontinued in the Temple.
- The breaching of the walls of Jerusalem.
- by Nebuchadnezzar, culminating in the destruction of the 1st Temple in c. 587 BCE.
- by the romans in 70 CE.
- The Greek, Apostomos, burned a copy of the Torah (Ta'anit 4:6). This event was later associated with the beginning of the Bar Kochba revolt.
- An idolatrous image was placed in the Temple. (See Baba Kama 82b for Talmudic discussion placing this event in the Hasmonean Period. Others say this was done by King Manasseh of Judah c. 697-642 BCE).
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